Our Newbie Guide for the 80 Series Land Cruiser proven very popular, so we decided to compile one for the 100 series as well.
This guide is intended as a quick read for new owners and will hopefully point them in the right direction as far as obtaining service, help and support. This guide applies mostly to US based 100 Series (or Lexus LX 470's) unless otherwise noted.
The information on
this list is a compilation of personal experience, submissions from readers
and knowledge gained from belonging to the 100 Series email list and the
forums on www.ih8mud.com
This guide should not be taken as a do all, end all. Personal responsibility should still be taken for any purchase or modification made based on the information supplied on this list. Slee Off-Road does not guarantee the correctness of the information or the content of this guide.
We get asked a lot to inspect vehicles, or what should one look for when evaluating a used vehicle. Below is a list of items we look at. Some are specific to the 80 Series Land Cruiser and some are generic.
Carfax is a good source for checking the accident history of the vehicle. However, unless the car was totaled even major accidents might not show up. This is typically the case then a car was repaired for the existing owner. The following are some items to look for in checking for accident damage.
On vehicles where a lot of accessories were added bad wiring can cause endless headaches.
Indications that the interior was kept clean and maintained is normally a good indication of the overall owners attitude towards the vehicle. Do not confuse a detailed interior with one that was kept clean on a regular basis.
US Model Specifications
(Changes listed for the 1999-1998 are in comparison to the 80 Series US Spec Land Cruiser, the rest of the changes are listed with reference to the previous 100s Series Land Cruiser)
The aluminum wheel with chrome tone painting has been adopted.
CRS (Child Restraint System) lower anchorage for securing child seats has been provided behind the seat cushion of center and left side seat of rear No.1 seat
CRS anchor brackets for securing a child seat have been provided on the floor behind the rear No.1 seat.
The one-touch auto up-and-down function are provided in the power windows of all doors.
An automatic glare-resistant EC (electrochromic) mirror system has been adopted for the inner rearview mirror.
A compass has been integrated in the inner mirror. This
is standard equipment on the models without the multi-information display.
A DVD Based voice navigation System with 7" touch screen was offered as an option
6-disc DVD automatic changer is provided in the rear console box as an option, together with the multi-display
No Major Changes
Lexus LX470 Differences
The Lexus LX470 share the same drivetrain and the 100 Series Land Cruiser, but there are distinct differences in both appearance and appointments. In some cases items that were added to the 100 Series in later model years, was available since introduction on the LX470. In some cases some items were never offered in the Land Cruiser. The major technical changes occurred at about the same time. Below is a partial listing of the different items from the LX470:
A genuine leather with wood steering and a wood shift knob have been provided as optional equipment.
Chrome plated 16" wheels offered as optional equipment
A Mark Levinson 9 speaker stereo system was offered as an option
No Major Changes
The rear wind deflector with high-mounted stoplight was added as optional equipment.
Running board lights were added as optional equipment.
The roof rack can be ordered as a color matched unit
Tires were changed to 275/60R18
Rain sensing wiper system was added
The air conditioning system was changed so that the recirculation control will switch to RECIRC, even if the mode was set to FRESH if the smog ventilation sensor detects the entry of the exhaust gas into the cabin
Power windows can now be operated with the key or the transmitter.
The power windows and moon roof can now be opened with the wireless door lock remote control system
The LEXUS link system has been added as optional equipment
A forward night view system was added as optional equipment
The tinted glass color was changed from bronze to green and the rain sensor and night view camera was optimized for the new glass color
Leather seat material was changed from imperial to majesty
The LEXUS parking assist system has been added as standard equipment
The LEXUS Link was discontinued.
1998/1999 Accelerator position and throttle position sensors can cause malfunction and cause a situation where the truck does not respond to throttle input.
Starter contact can wear out. The starter is located under the intake manifold.
2.1 Getting the mud off
After that Sunday drive through the mud and dirt, the easiest and safest way to clean the underside of the truck is to use a garden sprinkler under the truck. This will soak the mud and dirt until it just falls off. In the end the truck will be clean and the driveway dirty.
2.2 Mud flaps
If you do decide to remove the running boards front mud flaps are available.
2.3 Snorkels - Why you need them!
Snorkels are needed when you expect to do a lot of deep water crossings. The snorkel requires drilling 1 large hole and a number of smaller ones in the truck. It essentially moves the air intake, which in the stock form is located in the passenger front fender, to the roof line.
Performance gains from the snorkels is often debated, but this should not be the first reason to install one.
When installing a snorkel on a US Spec 100 series the automatic antenna must be removed and replaced with a whip. A early 1992 Toyota Pickup antenna is a close fit, except that the lead is to short. It needs to be extended. The bottom of the antenna also has to be cut shorter and supported with a custom bracket.
2.4 What are those 4 holes on the back bumper
2.5 Trailer Wiring
3.1 Cracking leather seats
The leather seats do crack eventually. Applying a good conditioner from time to time does help. The skins for the seats can be purchased and replaced, but this is an expensive option.
3.2 Installing a CB
Option 1: Replace stereo use regular single din stereo as opposed to double din which is stock Toyota. If using single din stereo then mount below regular stereo in extra space.
Option 2: Cobra "all in the mic" units can be installed under the seat or under the center console.
3.3 Installing auxiliary CB speakers
Interior dome light housings can be converted to accept small speakers. These can then be mounted to the roof liner. The transparent "lens" is then covered with cloth for a factory look.
3.4 Rear Drawer Systems
"The first thing a lot of 80 Owners do is remove the rear 3rd row seats and replace them with a storage system, which is very handy for storing all the recovery gear and those bits and pieces that we need to take 4-wheeling. Some have a fridge roller fitted so that a 12v fridge can be mounted safely and rolled out for access. The other benefit of storing everything in drawers is you still have a flat area to use and if you add a bed extension behind the front seats you can have a bed measuring approx 180cm x 145cm. There are many different types ranging from the basic do -it-yourself type utilizing plastic tubs and MDF (fine particle board) to the zinc plated light gauge steel or aluminum and sealed roller bearings. The upper market use the factory tie down points so that the seats can be replaced and no holes or damage is done to the 80 and when fitted look part of the factory design." - Mick Barson
3.5 Aftermarket Stereo's
3.12 Speakers for the front doors
4. Drive train
4.1 Factory lockers
4.2 Aftermarket lockers
4.3 Brake pad wear
4.5 Differential Gears - 4.1 vs. 4.88
5.1 Better ride without the lift.
5.2 Larger Tires - Pro's and Con's
5.3 Can I fit 35" tires
5.4 Why replace a relatively new suspension
5.5 Changing shocks
5.6 Changing coil springs
5.7 Changing the torsion bars
5.1 Grill Guards
5.2 Winch Bars
5.4 Auxiliary Lighting
5.5 Light Bars
5.6 Rear Bumpers
5.7 Tire Carriers
5.8 Nerf Bars
5.9 Recovery gear
5.10 Camping Showers
7. Driving skills and off-roading
7.1 Using Front and Rear Lockers
Courtesy of George Coyant.
In random order...
- Don't use them on paved roads.
- Disengage the front at least if you need to turn. Even momentarily.
- Engage them just before you think you'll need them.
- Don't go down steep hills with the front locker engaged.
- If you go down hills with the rear engaged, be prepared to catch the rear end if it slides out.
- Exercise them every now and then. Whilst parked, hit each button until you hear the compressor engage.
- Have a locker/compressor cut out switch wired up (I think this is standard now).
- Experiment over an obstacle. Get the feel of what each locker does and experiment with speed over the obstacle. You'll be amazed at what you can now just idle over.
- They engage immediately but if there's a bunch of energy stored in the driveline, you may have to back off for a second after disengaging to have them physically disengage.
- Change the diff oil after a 1,000 or so km.
- Change the diff oils at say 20,000km intervals to help clear any muck in the diff housings.
- Keep an eye on the air release at the solenoids. If you see diff oil spray out upon disengaging, the piston oil seal has gone. This used to be quite common, however the current seal is good if fitted correctly. It's fiddly.
- If you're in a tight area and need to swing the rear out, you can engage the rear locker only and dump the clutch. It'll turn on its own axis...
- Don't engage the front locker when reversing.
- You can use air lockers in high range. In fact, can engage them at up to 100kph as long as one wheel on an axle isn't spinning.
- If one wheel is spinning wildly, don't engage that locker.
- By engaging them early, you'll save digging great holes in the track.
That's enough for now...